“Patriotism, as I understand it, is a combination of love of country, pride in its history, traditions and culture, and a determination to add to its prestige and achievements” -Lemass
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Is mise le meas,
Senator Mark Daly
Seanadóir Marcus O’Dalaigh
Fianna Fáil Senator, Mark Daly has welcomed the commitment from the leaders of the 27 remaining EU member countries that in the event of a United Ireland, Northern Ireland will be readmitted to the Union automatically.
Senator Daly was commenting ahead of the EU Council summit this weekend where it is expected that the issue of the future of Northern Ireland, post reunification, will be discussed.
“This is good news for the 56% of the people of Northern Ireland who voted to remain in the European Union in the referendum last year. It now provides a clear pathway for those who value membership of the EU to retain it.
“This acceptance of the position as contained in the Good Friday Agreement is a welcome development from EU Leaders.
“The job of those of us who favour both a United Ireland is to convince those in the north who are unsure about such a change that it is in their best interests socially and economically.
“Last week, I published a new report, Brexit and the Future of Ireland: Uniting Ireland and It’s People in Peace and Prosperity, which outlines in detail the options for the island of Ireland in the wake of Brexit.
“The report will be on the agenda for discussion at the Joint Committee for the Implementation of the Good Friday Agreement next Thursday the 4th of May.
“The commitment from EU leaders that is expected this weekend makes it clear that there is a pathway for retaining EU membership via a United Ireland.
“This step forward is only the start. We all need to do more to bring about a United Ireland through active consent. That process starts now,” concluded Daly.
Below is the executive summary and recommendations for the report on Brexit & The Future of Ireland, Uniting Ireland and its people in peace & prosperity. Links to each of the seven sections are also below.
“the EU needs to prepare for a United Ireland”
Taoiseach Enda Kenny July 2016, Niall O’Connor the political [editor for the Irish Independent]
Reporting from the McGill Summer School in July 2016
As a result of this statement by the Taoiseach it is also clear that Ireland needs to prepare for a United Ireland. The Joint Committee of the Implementation of the Good Friday Agreement in its work programme approved by Dáil Eireann appointed Senator Mark Daly as rapporteur to compile a report on the effect of Brexit on Ireland, what Ireland should seek to have in the final agreement between the EU and the UK, particularly in the event of the people of Northern Ireland voting for a United Ireland and what Ireland needs to do in order to peacefully achieve its constitutional obligation, as described by Attorney General Brady (2002-07), of a united Ireland, as outlined in Article 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution.
The report for the Joint Committee on the Implementation of the Good Friday Agreement has 7 sections and includes 18 recommendations;
All the recommendations for each of the 7 sections are at the end of this executive summary, as are all the 7 summaries for each section with the recommendations that relate to them. The report to the Joint Committee also serves as a reference document and includes copies of Acts and Agreements relating to Ireland and Britain from the Act of Union to the Good Friday Agreement. High Court Justice Richard Humphreys book ‘Countdown to Unity’ is quoted from extensively in Senators Daly’s Report. Justice Humphrey’s publication lays out the roadmap to the peaceful unity of Ireland and its people. It outlines the various options for the future of this island, the opportunities and the obstacles that are ahead to achieve the aim of a peaceful united Ireland which was approved by 94% of the people in a referendum.
Other than the New Ireland Forum of 1984, 33 years ago the Library and Research Service of Leinster House were unable to find any report by any previous Government, Department or Oireachtas Committee on how the state would achieve its core belief of a united Ireland. An objective supported by 79%* of people in an opinion poll.
Professor emeritus of Humboldt University in Berlin, Christain Tomuschat’s submission to the report outlines the precedent in German unification for Northern Ireland’s automatic inclusion in the EU without the need for an application or accession process in the event of a vote for reunification.
White House, National Security Council, Senior Policy advisor on counter terrorism in President Obamas administration, Michael R. Ortiz has also written a paper for Senator Daly’s report on the issue of the threat of future paramilitary violence attempting to subvert a referendum and reunification as provided for in the Good Friday Agreement. Michael Ortiz was the first U.S. diplomat focused on countering violent extremism and was appointed by Secretary of State John Kerry.
Congressman Brendan Boyle a member of the US House of Representatives Foreign Relations Committee has submitted a specially commissioned research paper from the United States Congressional Research Office which is included in the report. This analyses the true nature of the income and expenditure of Northern Ireland. The report by Dr. Kurt Hubner of the University of British Columbia shows a reunification scenario with a boost of 36.5billion euro over 8 years to an all island economy. The report for the Joint Committee also includes elements of the UK House of Lords report on Brexit; UKIrish Relations with a particular focus on the common travel area, including proposals to ensure the continued free movement of people across the border with the North.
The economic challenges of Brexit and unification are outlined in various reports including some from the House of the Oireachtas Library and Research Service, a key one of these is the analysis of the United Nations Human Development Index, which measures health, education, and income. The UN report ranks Ireland as 6th in the world alongside Germany, Canada and the United States. In Northern Ireland’s case the analysis places it 44th in the world alongside the likes of Hungry and Montenegro. As a result of Brexit, Northern Ireland is likely to drop below 50th joining the likes of Kazakhstan and Belarus.
The report includes submissions by various politicians, academics and experts from Ireland, England, Germany and the United States who have given generously of their time and their experience to assist Senator Daly in compiling this report, the first by any committee of the Irish parliament on how to achieve a United Ireland.
To conclude we include an extract from ‘Irish Man of the 20th Century’ T K Whittaker ‘Note on North-South Border Policy’ written on the 11TH of November 1968 the eve of ‘The Troubles’. In it he foresaw the Good Friday Agreement and the long term nature of achieving a United Ireland, that it required the best of ourselves and a collective understanding
‘We were, therefore, left with only one choice, a policy of seeking unity in Ireland between Irishmen. Of its nature this is a long-term policy, requiring patience, understanding and forbearance and resolute resistance to emotionalism and opportunism. It is not the less patriotic for that’
First report of its kind show path to peaceful unity of Ireland
1. The Irish government must negotiate for Northern Ireland to be designated with a special status within the EU and for the whole island of Ireland to remain within the EU together.
2. All current and future EU programmes & funding for Northern Ireland, in the absence of alternative arrangements for Northern Ireland, should continue to be funded by HM Treasury.
3. The Report on the All-Ireland Economy: compiled in 2016 by Peadar Toibin TD for the Joint Oireachtas Committee on Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation in the light of Brexit should be updated.
4. Any passport controls between Ireland and the UK should be along the same basis as for people traveling between these islands from 1939 to 1952. There should not be a return to passport controls on the borders between the North and South of Ireland.
5. A detailed analysis of the impact of Brexit on Women, programmes to mitigate these impacts should be implemented
6. Research into the actual income and expenditure for Northern Ireland should be carried out by the Government.
7. The Irish Government must approach Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker to declare that Irish reunification would be supported by the EU in the event of the people of the Island of Ireland voting for it as provided for in the Good Friday Agreement. This declaration would be similar to that of Commission President Jacque Delors in January 1990 on the issue of German Unification ‘East Germany is a special case’.
8. To avoid any uncertainties in the Irish case, it would be suitable to insist in the course of the Brexit negotiations on an additional protocol expressly stating that in case of an Irish Reunification Reunified Ireland will be considered the same state as Ireland (state continuity) and that the EU Treaties will be without any further amendment be applicable to the whole territory of the reunified country.
9. Include in the final Agreement between the EU and the UK recognition of the special status of the people of Northern Ireland and Northern Ireland’s economic relationship with the South. The precedent for both was set by the European Community, when it recognised the special status of the citizens of East Germany and made special provision for trade between the 2 Germanys.
10. Recognition by the EU in the final treaty between the EU and the UK that the reunification of Ireland would be implicit by Art.79 of the ECSC Treaty, Art. 227(1) of the EEC Treaty and Art.198 of the EURATOM Treaty leaving acquisition of territory, and consequently all steps leading to it, with in the domain reserve of the member states.
11. Commission a report based on a hard brexit with a hard border on a World Trade Organisation tariff arrangement between Ireland, the EU and Britain and Northern Ireland.
12. Commission a report should be commissioned by the Government on the impact of unification.
13. The current full Northern Ireland deficit should continue to be paid by HM Treasury for a period of 30 years after a vote for unification.
14. The establishment of a New Ireland Forum 2 is recommended to set a pathway toachieve the peaceful reunification of Ireland.
15. Establish an international task force with experts in counter terrorism so that the insights of Michael Ortiz, White House, National Security Council, Senior Policy advisor on counter terrorism in Presidents Obama administration could be examined, a plan devised and implemented.
16. That Northern Ireland is included in the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice to resolve disputes arising from the Good Friday Agreement.
17. Lessons from the failed referendums in Quebec and Scotland need to be learned to ensure that the Irish government fulfils its constitutional obligations of achieving its main aim of the peaceful reunification of Ireland.
18. The Government needs to carry out an audit in relation to the legal and constitutional changes pre and post-unification.