Uniting Ireland & its People in Peace & Prosperity

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Below is the executive summary and recommendations for the report on Brexit & The Future of Ireland, Uniting Ireland and its people in peace & prosperity.  Links to each of the seven sections are also below.

Introduction
“The EU needs to prepare for a united Ireland.”
Taoiseach Enda Kenny July 2016
Niall O’Connor the political journalist for the                                                                                Irish Independent
Reporting from the McGill Summer School in July 2016

As a result of this statement by the Taoiseach it is also clear that Ireland needs to
prepare for a united Ireland. The Joint Committee on the Implementation of the Good
Friday Agreement in its work programme approved by Dáil Éireann appointed Senator
Mark Daly as rapporteur to compile a report on the effect of Brexit on Ireland, what
Ireland should seek to have in the final agreement between the EU and the UK,
particularly in the event of the people of Northern Ireland voting for a united Ireland andwhat Ireland needs to do in order to peacefully achieve its constitutional obligation, as described by Attorney General Brady (2002-07), of a united Ireland, as outlined in

Article 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution

The report for the Joint Committee on the Implementation of the Good Friday
Agreement has seven sections;

Contents

Section 1 : Brexit & its impact on Ireland

Section 2 & 3 : Precedent of German Reunification for Ireland & Economic Modelling of Unification

Section 4 : Brexit and the Future for Ireland

Section 5 : Good Friday Agreement

Section 6 : Referendum as Provided for in the Good Friday Agreement

Section 7 : Constitutional & Legal Changes Before & After a Referendum

Annexes

All the recommendations for each of the seven sections are at the end of this
introduction, as are all the seven summaries that relate to them. The report to the
Joint Committee also serves as a reference document and includes online copies of Acts and Agreements relating to Ireland and Britain from
the Act of Union to the Good Friday Agreement

High Court Justice Richard Humphreys book ‘Countdown to Unity’ is quoted from
extensively in Senators Daly’s Report. Justice Humphrey’s publication lays out the road
map to the peaceful unity of Ireland and its people. It outlines the various options for the
future of this island and the opportunities and the obstacles that are ahead to achieve the
aim of a peaceful united Ireland which was approved by 94% of the citizens of this state
in a referendum. Other than the New Ireland Forum of 1984, 33 years ago, the Library
and Research Service of Leinster House were unable to find any report by any previous
Government, Department or Oireachtas Committee on how the state would achieve its
core belief of a united Ireland, an objective supported by 79 per cent of people in an
opinion poll in 2016.

Professor Emeritus of Humboldt University in Berlin, Christain Tomuschat’s submission
to the report outlines the precedent in German unification for Northern Ireland’s
automatic inclusion in the EU without the need for an application or accession process
in the event of a vote for reunification.

White House, National Security Council, Senior Policy Advisor on counter terrorism in
President Obamas administration, Michael R. Ortiz has also written a paper for Senator
Daly’s report on the threat of future paramilitary violence attempting to subvert a
referendum and reunification as provided for in the Good Friday Agreement. Michael
Ortiz was the first U.S. diplomat focused on countering violent extremism and was
appointed by Secretary of State John Kerry.

Congressman Brendan Boyle a member of the US House of Representatives Foreign
Relations Committee has submitted a specially commissioned research paper from
the United States Congressional Research Office which is included in this report. This
analyses the true nature of the income and expenditure of Northern Ireland. A report
by Dr. Kurt Hubner of the University of British Columbia shows a reunification scenario
with a boost of 35.6billion euro over eight years to an all island economy. The report for
the Joint Committee also includes elements of the UK House of Lords report on Brexit;
UK- Irish Relations with a particular focus on the common travel area, including
proposals to ensure the continued free movement of people across the border with
Northern Ireland. The economic challenges of Brexit and unification are outlined in
various reports including some from the House of the Oireachtas Library and Research
Service, a key one of these is the analysis of the United Nations Human Development
Index, which measures health, education, and income. The UN report ranks Ireland as
8th in the world alongside Germany, Canada and the United States. In Northern
Ireland’s case the analysis places it 44th in the world alongside the likes of Hungry and
Montenegro. As a result of Brexit, Northern Ireland is likely to drop below 50th joining
the likes of Kazakhstan and Belarus.

This report includes submissions by various politicians, academics and experts from
Ireland, England, Germany and the United States who have given generously of their
time and their experience to assist Senator Daly in compiling it, the first by any
committee of the Irish parliament on how to achieve a united Ireland.

To conclude we include an extract from ‘Irish man of the 20th century’ T K
Whittaker’s‘Note on North-South Border Policy’ written on the 11 November 1968 the
eve of ‘The Troubles’. In it he foresaw the Good Friday Agreement, the long term
nature of achieving a united Ireland, that it required the best of ourselves and a
collective understanding.

 

‘We were, therefore, left with only one choice, a policy of seeking unity in Ireland between Irishmen. Of its nature this is a long-term policy, requiring patience, understanding and forbearance and resolute resistance to emotionalism and opportunism. It is not the less patriotic for that’

Submissions and Appendices

Section 1 Submissions 

‘Irexit’ submission by Ray Bassett

‘Brexit and the Border’ Taoiseach Bertie Ahern

‘Northern Ireland and EU Funding versus EU Contribution’  John Teahan

‘UN Human Development Index’ by the Oireachtas Library and Research Service

Section 2 Submissions

‘The European Parliament and German Unification’ by Marc Birchen

 

Section 3 Submissions

‘Modelling Irish Unification’ by KLC Consulting

Section 4 Submissions

‘Ireland and the UK from 1916 to Brexit’ by Martin Mansergh

‘Understanding the ‘Northern Irish’ Identity’ by John Garry and Kevin McNicholl

‘Threat of Violence’ Pat Finucane Centre

‘Counter Terrorism’ by Michael Ortiz, Obama security Advisor

Congressional Friends of Ireland US political support

‘Lessons learned by German Unification’ by Christian Tomuschat

Note on North South Border policy by TK Whitaker

‘Political Party positions on the Unity of Northern Ireland

‘The Process of EU membership following German Unification’ by Dr. Marcus Kotzur

RJN Security Council report on operation in Cypress

‘South Korea Unification Process’ by Marcus Nolan

‘General Brady and Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution’ by the Oireachtas Library and Research Service

‘Irish Parliamentarian Attitudes to Irish Unification’ by Fr. Sean McGraw

‘Joint Sovereignty’ Oireachtas Research Service

Behaviour and Analysis poll results attitude to the future state

Red C poll results on the Unification of Ireland

‘End of the beginning, reflection on Brexit and prospects’ by Kevin Meagher

Section 5 Submissions

The Good Friday Peace Agreement

Section 6 Submissions

‘The reasons for the defeats of the 1980 and 1995 Referendums in Quebec on sovereignty’ by the Oireachtas Library and Research Service

‘Scottish Independence Referendum 2014’ House of Commons research paper

Section 7 Submissions

Every Treaty signed between Ireland and England

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